Wednesday, December 7, 2011

Bombs

Basic CMYK

Since my next post will be on the end of World War II, I thought that it would be fitting that I do a post on bombs.

Now, I won’t go into how bombs are made because:

1. People shouldn’t know these kind of things

2. I don’t how to myself

3. I can’t be bothered to find out how.

However, I will talk about the different bombs and how they affect us, plus some record-breaking bombs. But first we must know: What is a bomb?

These days, people think of bombs as this:

Bomb

But they are actually many kinds of bombs:

GrenadeBomb Clustertime bombbob bomb

You might be tempted to say that a bomb is anything that explodes, but that is not true, because some things can explode without being bombs. For example, a water balloon can explode, but they are (technically) not bombs. So what is a bomb? Well, you could ask Wikipedia:

A bomb is any of a range (short or long distance) of explosive weapons that only rely on the exothermic reaction of an explosive material to provide an extremely sudden and violent release of energy.

Wow! How amazingly simple! If by any chance any of you didn’t understand it, what they are trying to say is that bombs are things that explode because there is some explosive stuff inside of them (eg. gunpowder) The explosive stuff have a lot of energy, and when something happens to the bomb that holds all that explosive stuff, like when the bomb hits the ground, all that energy is released, and that’s why there’s that enormous explosion that follows.

So almost everyone knows about the 2 gigantic bombs that fell on Japan during World War II. They had obliterated the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and caused massive damage to property and people alike. But are they the biggest and most powerful bombs? Not even close. That title goes to the Tzar Bomb. The Tzar bomb was created by Russia, but they rightly decided to test it’s power first. It was tested in an island far from any humans, and was never used in war. Here is a graph to compare the power of each.

nuclear_bomb_comparison

The power of bombs are measured by how many tons of TNT it is equal to, and the bomb on Hiroshima only weighs in at a pitiful 15 kilotons of TNT. That’s 15,000 tons of TNT. Mind you, it was still pretty powerful. It could power a household for about 1,500 years. However, the Hiroshima bomb is peanuts when compared to the Tzar Bomb. It exploded with the power of 50 MILLION tons of TNT, That means that the Tzar Bomb was over 3000 times more powerful than the Hiroshima bomb. (It has enough energy to power a household for over 5 million years.)

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